What is Vasectomy Surgery?
A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that serves as birth control by permanently cutting off the flow of sperm to the penis.
Testicles are found in the scrotum – which is the pouch of loose skin below the penis. The sperm mature in the epididymis, a small structure that is on top of each testicle.
During sexual intercourse, the sperm move with ejaculation during orgasm, through long muscular tubes called the vas deferens to the penis.
On the way to the penis, the sperm mix with a whitish fluid called seminal fluid, this is made by the seminal vesicles.
The mixture of sperm and seminal fluid is called semen. Semen is released by the penis with ejaculation
To begin the vasectomy, your scrotum will be cleaned with antiseptic.Your surgeon will numb the scrotum with an injection of local anesthetic. You will feel a sting and burn that lasts only a few seconds.
A classic way for a surgeon to do a vasectomy is to make two small incisions, one cut over each vas deferens tube. Next the tubes are cut, and then tied, clipped or sealed. And the incisions are closed.
Surgeons now commonly use one small opening to tie both tubes, this is called the non-scalpel method.
For this type of vasectomy, the surgeon makes one small opening to reach both tubes.
First, one vas deferens is gently lifted through the opening. You may feel some pulling and discomfort but it should not be painful. The tube is sealed with ties, clips or heat. And the tube is cut.
The surgeon then lifts the other tube and repeats the sealing and cutting. Sometimes a second hole is needed to reach the other tube. The opening may or may not need a stitch to close