What is LASIK Laser Eye Surgery?
LASIK laser surgery is a relatively simple and nonintrusive procedure that is designed to reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses.
In an eye that has perfect vision, light rays pass through the pupil are focused by the lens to fall precisely at the center of the retina. There are many common problems that can affect the eye and prevent light rays from focusing properly on the retina.
Three of these problems, myopia – or nearsightedness; hyperopia – or farsightedness; and astigmatism can often be corrected or reduced with the use of LASIK laser surgery.
- Myopia, or nearsightedness, occurs when the shape of the eye is too long or the curve of the cornea is too extreme. In this case, light rays are focused on a point in front of the retina – instead of on the retina itself.
- Hyperopia, or farsightedness, occurs when the shape of the eye is too short. In this case, light rays are focused on a point behind the retina.
- Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is unevenly curved, causing light rays to fall off center or not to focus properly at all.
LASIK laser surgery can be used to flatten all or part of the cornea. It allows your doctors focal point of light entering the eye to fall more closely to the center of the surface of the retina.
LASIK laser surgery is a relatively simple and nonintrusive procedure. It is designed to reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses. LASIK laser surgery generally does not have any effect on a patient’s overall health. There are no risks in choosing not to have the surgery.
When the operative field is numb, the doctor will use an automated microsurgical instrument called a microkeratome. This tiny instrument will carefully create a thin corneal flap which remains hinged to the eye.
Underneath this flap the inner layer of the cornea, called the stroma, is exposed.
Next, your doctor will use a computer to control pulses of cool laser light. These pulses will delicately remove microscopically thin layers of cells from the stroma. Your doctor will then tailor the new shape of your cornea according to the exact nature of your vision problem.
The corneal flap is then closed and the surface is rinsed.
Following surgery, you’ll be given protective contact lenses to wear for a few days while the corneal flap heals.
The entire procedure usually takes about 5 minutes and is painless.